11 breathtaking photos of Orkney
Each year more land is claimed for agriculture, but much peat and moor remain. The main agricultural products are beef cattle and eggs, although the raising of pigs and the production of milk largely for cheese have both greatly increased. Some fodder crops are grown, but much is imported. Because of the importance of agriculture, the fishing industry has not been developed to the same extent as in the neighbouring Shetland Islands.
Exploitation of North Sea oil resulted in the construction and operation of a major landfall terminal for the Piper and Claymore oil fields at Flotta on Scapa Flow. This terminal, similar to another at Sullom Voe in Shetland, offers employment in an area where population had declined.
Other oil-related activities in Orkney include a limited amount of offshore servicing and the operation of helicopter services from Kirkwall. There are only two towns on Mainland: Kirkwall , a royal burgh, and Stromness. Both towns are picturesque, with narrow main streets. In Kirkwall there are, in addition to St. Connections between Orkney and the Scottish mainland are good, with daily air service to Kirkwall from Glasgow , Edinburgh , Aberdeen , and Inverness and ferry connections from Stromness to Scrabster just across the Pentland Firth , Aberdeen, and the Shetland Islands.
Area square miles square km. You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience and security. Orkney Islands. Article Media. Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article.
Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. See Article History. Facts Matter. Start Your Free Trial Today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. A settlement of such people at Skara Brae in Orkney consists of a cluster of seven self-contained huts connected by covered galleries or alleys.
Scotland , most northerly of the four parts of the United Kingdom, occupying about one-third of the island of Great Britain. The name Scotland derives from the Latin Scotia , land of the Scots, a Celtic people from Ireland who settled on the west coast of Great Britain about the 5th century…. Skara Brae , one of the most perfectly preserved Stone Age villages in Europe, which was covered for hundreds of years by a sand dune on the shore of the Bay of Skaill, Mainland, Orkney Islands , Scotland.
Orkneyjar - Is 'The Orkneys' ever right by Dr Peter Anderson
Exposed by a great storm in , four buildings were excavated during the s…. Mainland , central and largest of the Orkney Islands of Scotland, which lie off the northern tip of the Scottish mainland. The shores of this irregularly shaped island are deeply indented from north and south, respectively by the inlets of Kirkwall Bay and Scapa Flow, reducing its width…. In the s several Scottish performers, including the Average White Band and Rod Stewart who was born in London to a Scottish family , had to relocate to the United States to experience wide-reaching success.
At the turn of the s, however, a small but significant music scene developed in…. History at your fingertips.
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Orkney Islands. Tips For Editing. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. We've compiled a list of ten fascinating facts about the broch. If you're searching for an amazing dessert with an Orkney flavour to wow your guests at a dinner table then our Highland Park Clootie Dumpling is well worth a try! Orkney and Shetland have been populated for over years, and through the course of these Islands' history the languages spoken there have changed many times.
However it is Old Norse that has had the greatest influence on modern place names. Read our guide to find out what the island, area and house names of Orkney mean! This is mince, tattie and onion mixed together, battered and deep-fried. Enjoy a pattie supper tonight!
We asked them to tell us five reasons why they think the Orkney Islands are a great place to visit. The winning article, written by Amelia Tomalin from Evie Primary School, features rich descriptions of the folklore and landscape of Orkney which we think you'll love! Orkney has a packed calendar of diverse events.
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